UKH Journal of Social Sciences 2019-06-19T12:08:39+03:00 Dr. Sherwan Kafoor Open Journal Systems <p><em>UKH Journal of Social Sciences</em>&nbsp;(UKHJSS) is a semi-annual academic journal published by the University of Kurdistan Hewlêr, Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. UKHJSS publishes original researches in all areas of Social Sciences. UKHJSS is a Peer-Reviewed Open Access journal with CC BY-NC-ND 4.0&nbsp;license. UKHJSS provides immediate, worldwide, barrier-free access to the full text of research articles without requiring a subscription to the journal, and has neigther article processing charge (APC) nore article submission charge (ASC). UKHJSS Section Policy includes three types of publications: Articles, Review Articles, and Letters. UKHJSS has an e-ISSN: 2520-7806; and a member of Crossref, DOI:&nbsp;<strong>10.25079/issn.2520-7806.</strong></p> The Growing Phenomenon of Street Children in Tehran 2019-06-18T23:41:55+03:00 Habeeb A. Salihu <p>This study examines the increasing phenomenon of street children in Tehran. It focuses on the challenges and risks these&nbsp;children encounter and the overall implications on the general populace and the country as a whole. The study adopted&nbsp;both primary and secondary sources of data. The primary data were qualitative design (face-to-face interview). The&nbsp;population include all street children in Tehran. Purposive and snowball sampling techniques were used to select a total of&nbsp;3725 street children for this research. Information gathered was coded, categorized and analyzed using EZ Test Software&nbsp;to quantify the results and demonstrate the frequency of responses to the open-ended questions relating to the research&nbsp;interest. The study found that there are two categories of street children in Tehran (children of the street and children&nbsp;on the street), they experience several challenges such as extortion, exploitation, rape, and harassment. Furthermore,&nbsp;they engage in different activities to get money or survive. The study concludes that disrupted socioeconomic structure&nbsp;of families and the influx of different categories of people into the cities are the major causes of the phenomenon. The study, therefore, recommends that addressing the socioeconomic challenges should be the first approach toward ending&nbsp;the menace.</p> 2019-03-01T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Investigating the Relationship between Working Capital Management and Stock Price Crash Risk 2019-06-18T23:41:52+03:00 Ebrahim Mansoori Masood Elyasi Rahim Mohammadi <p>The main purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of working capital management on stock price crash risk. The sample includes 103 Iranian firms listed on the Tehran Stock Exchange from 2013 to 2017. Panel data analysis with fixed effect estimation has been used to analyze the relationship between working capital management and stock price crash risk. Cash conversion cycle, working capital requirement, current, and quick ratios were applied as comprehensive measures for working capital management, and Hutton’s model was applied as a measure for stock price crash risk. The results indicate that there is a negative relationship between working capital indicators and stock price crash risk. Therefore, managers can use working capital strategies to decrease the risk of the stock price crash. Furthermore, asymmetry information may, in fact, increase a manager’s incentive to use working capital strategies to reduce the stock price crash risk.</p> 2019-05-23T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## How Information and Communications Technology Affects the Performance of Human Resources Management in the Higher Education? 2019-06-19T12:08:39+03:00 Dilber Yousifi Nabaz T. Khayyat <p>In today’s business, effective human resources management (HRM) plays an important role in organizations to cope&nbsp;with competition. Human capital plays a significant role in achieving competitive advantage. Hence, it is recommended for organizations to adapt HRM practices to reach the optimal level of employees’ performance. On the other hand,&nbsp;the information and communications technology (ICT) has become the backbone of numerous modern organizations&nbsp;in processing their business operations and activities. HRM has also been affected by the tremendous increase of ICT&nbsp;usage within the organization. The World Wide Web has transformed the human resources practices, for example, human&nbsp;resource planning, recruitment, selection, performance management, work flow, training, and compensation. This paper&nbsp;investigates the impact of ICT on HRM performance in the higher education sector in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRI).&nbsp;In doing so, an empirical study based on survey questionnaire is conducted to gain a clear overview of where the higher&nbsp;education institutions stand in KRI in terms of the usage of ICT in the HRM field. The overall finding is that ICT may have<br>a positive impact on the performance level of HRM staff in the higher education institutions in KRI. Furthermore, the level of ICT usage in KRI is not in a level where the individuals of HRM are well aware of ICT developments and E-HRM&nbsp;as well as the usage of computerized HRM.</p> 2019-06-18T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Toward Increased Professionalism in Teaching English as a Second or Other Language through Pre-service Trainee Teacher Mentoring in the United Arab Emirates 2019-06-18T23:41:53+03:00 Anthony Jonathan Solloway <p>For a variety of reasons, both historical and sociological, the feasibility – as well as the very desirability – of mainstream teaching securing the status of a profession (in the sense of established professions such as law, medicine, architecture, and engineering) has long been questioned (e.g., Burbules and Densmore, 1991). If this is the case as regard regular, mainstream education, what then is the situation in relation to the subfield of teaching that is teaching English as a second or other language (TESOL)? Sadly, few if any would likely doubt that the field has so far failed to achieve the status of a recognized profession. There are numerous causes of this failure, though some especially salient reasons – less than stellar public perceptions of the fields of English as a second language/English as a foreign language, employment standards of the private sector, that is, the (in) famous English language teaching industry, the initial training and qualifications of those in the field, and discriminatory practices – will be highlighted in the following discussion. In addition, the second half of this paper draws and reflects on a trainee teacher mentoring scheme at a federally-sponsored institution of higher education in the United Arab Emirates – now sadly discontinued – which the author participated in for 3 years between 2011 and 2015, and which, it is argued, exemplified programs which can go some not inconsiderable way toward combatting a number of the obstacles currently preventing the field of TESOL achieving the status of a legitimate profession.</p> 2019-05-22T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Political Stability and Security Status 2019-06-18T23:41:54+03:00 Ribaz Chato Biro <p>Political stability and security have become important factors of sustainable economic progress for the developing&nbsp;countries, especially states with the experience of war and instability. Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRI) as a semi-autonomous&nbsp;region tried to improve the level of political stability and security status, to gain more foreign direct investment (FDI)&nbsp;and economic growth. Consequently, KRI has become the safest region in Iraq and enjoyed political stability and safety.&nbsp;Therefore, during the last decade, KRI has occurred as a new destination of FDI in the Middle East and has received&nbsp;notable progress in most of the economic sectors. The aim of this study is to evaluate the role of political stability and&nbsp;security status on the FDI attractions and their consequences on economic development. However, it will investigate&nbsp;the factors that make the KRI safer than the rest of Iraq.</p> 2019-05-22T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##