10 kW Grid-Connected PV System Cost and Environmental Analysis for Government Offices: Darbandikhan Technical Institute as a Case Study

Darbandikhan Technical Institute as a case study

  • Kameran Raoof Ali Department of surveying, Darbandikhan technical Institute, Sulaimani polytechnic university, Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0125-1341
  • Dana Kareem Hameed Mechanical Engineer, Department of Electricity, Darbandikhan Technical Institute, Sulaimani Polytechnic University, Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6998-295X
  • Salar Ahmed Qadir Department of Electricity, Kalar Technical Institute, Sulaimani Polytechnic University, Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8871-0047
Keywords: Electricity generation, Grid connected PV system, Darbandikhan, Environment, Economic, Solar energy, PVGIS

Abstract

The Iraqi Kurdistan region has significant potential for implementing solar energy with an average annual rate of 5.245 kWh/m2. However, most of its energy supply currently comes from nonrenewable energy sources. With the continually increasing demand for energy, an alternative energy-generation technique is required. Among the various renewable energy resources, generating electricity directly from sunlight is the best option because it can be applied by the average household and is environmentally friendly. In this study, a cost and environmental analysis for a 10 kW grid-connected photovoltaic system is presented for a government building with the aim of reducing the load demand on the grid during weekdays and also to inject the generated power into the power grid during weekends. A simulation of the proposed PV system was generated by using Photovoltaic Geographic Information System software to estimate the system’s production performance. The software showed that the highest energy production was 1,660 kWh, which occurred in August; the total electricity production was 16,184 kWh over a 1-year period. The study also showed that the geographical location of Darbandikhan City is quite sufficient for generating electric power from solar energy. It further showed that it can reduce CO2 emissions by 356.60 tons during its lifetime when compared with a gasoline generator and by 131.38 tons when compared with that of a natural gas generator. The proposed system could serve as a good revenue source for the government by exporting the generated electricity to the grid while at the same time serving as motivation for households in the region; furthermore, this system can also be applied to other governmental offices in Kurdistan to generate some or all of its energy needs.

Author Biographies

Kameran Raoof Ali, Department of surveying, Darbandikhan technical Institute, Sulaimani polytechnic university, Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.

In 2009, I obtaind my B. Sc. degree in Electrical Engineering from Salahaddin University, Kurdistan, Iraq and in 2014, I attained my M. Sc. in Electrical and Electronics Engineering from European University of Lefke, Cyprus. Currently I’m an assistant lecturer and head of Surveying Department at Darandikhan Technical institute, Sulaymani polytechnic university. My research interests include; power electronics and drives, machine and automotive, renewable energy and design of standalone and grid-connected PV systems.

Dana Kareem Hameed, Mechanical Engineer, Department of Electricity, Darbandikhan Technical Institute, Sulaimani Polytechnic University, Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.

I am 34 years old, I graduated from University of Salahaddin in 2009 with a B.Sc. degree in Mechanical Engineering, and M.Sc. degree in Material science from Van Yüzüncü Yıl University in Van Turkey in 2018. Currently I’m an assistant lecturer at Darbandikhan Technical institute, Sulaimani polytechnic university. My research interests include material science automotive and solar energy.

Salar Ahmed Qadir, Department of Electricity, Kalar Technical Institute, Sulaimani Polytechnic University, Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.

Mr. Salar Ahmed Qadir is currently a lecturer at the Department of Electrical, kalar Techinical institute, Suilamani polytechnic University, Kurdistan Region, F.R. Iraq. He obtained an M.Sc. in Eelectrical, Power & Machine, from College of Engineering, University of salahadden arbil in 2009. He graduated from the College of Engineering, University of salahadden, F.R. Iraq in 2006 with a B.Sc. in Electrical. His areas of interest are: Power & machine and solar energy.

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Published
2020-12-31
How to Cite
Ali, K., Hameed, D., & Qadir, S. (2020, December 31). 10 kW Grid-Connected PV System Cost and Environmental Analysis for Government Offices: Darbandikhan Technical Institute as a Case Study. UKH Journal of Science and Engineering, 4(2), 157-165. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.25079/ukhjse.v4n2y2020.pp157-165
Section
Research Articles
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