Analysis of 0W-20 Totachi Brand Oil to Determine the Rate of Oil Deterioration

  • Dana Kareem Hameed Mechanical Engineer, Department of Electricity, Darbandikhan Technical Institute, Sulaimani Polytechnic University, Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, F. R. Iraq. http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6998-295X
  • Kameran Rauf Ali Department of Surveying, Darbandikhan Technical Institute, Sulaimani Polytechnic University, Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, F. R. Iraq. http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0125-1341
Keywords: Totachi oil, Oil properties, Oil viscosity, Oil flash point, Oil deterioration

Abstract

Engine oil or lubricating oil has a major effect on the engine life and the proper operation of any engine. Changing the engine oil before it is due increases a customer’s cost. The lubricating oil in every engine performs many functions such as reducing friction, preventing corrosion, protecting the engine against wear, removing all impurities, lubricating the moving parts, and cooling the engine parts. There are several causes for the deterioration of lubricating oil, including the properties of the oil, oil quality, and high engine temperatures. Consequently, the deteriorated oil must be replaced at a specified mileage or at specific time intervals to get the best engine performance. It is very important to know when to change the oil, because changing the oil too late can affect the engine parts and vehicle performance. However, replacing the oil too early influences the economy and environment and is an inefficient use of depleting resources. This study describes the kinematic viscosity, flash point, and fire point of multigrade Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) 0W-20 Totachi (Totachi Industrial Co. Ltd., Japan) international brand oil, which has a 10,000 km guarantee and is approved by and used in 10 different vehicle brands, to determine the rate of deterioration of the parameters. These parameters are the most important physical behaviors of lubricating engine oils. Having information about these parameters is very important for maintaining an engine’s lifespan. The results of this study showed that after 10,000 km, the Totachi oil parameters such as the kinematic viscosity at cold start, at 40°C and at 100°C, the flash point, and the fire point decreased by 22.03%, 25.98%, 26.75%, 16.94% and 17.34%, respectively, from the base values, and that the oil is suitable to use for 10,000 km.

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Author Biographies

Dana Kareem Hameed, Mechanical Engineer, Department of Electricity, Darbandikhan Technical Institute, Sulaimani Polytechnic University, Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, F. R. Iraq.

Dana Kareem Hameed is 34 years old and graduated from University of Salahaddin-Erbil in 2009 with a B.Sc. degree in Mechanical Engineering, and M.Sc. degree in Material science from Van Yüzüncü Yıl University in Van Turkey in 2018. Currently I’m an assistant lecturer at Darbandikhan Technical institute, Sulaimani polytechnic university. His research interests include automotive and biomaterials.

 

 

 

Kameran Rauf Ali, Department of Surveying, Darbandikhan Technical Institute, Sulaimani Polytechnic University, Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, F. R. Iraq.

Kameran Rauf Ali graduated from University of Salahaddin in 2009 with a B.Sc. degree in Electrical Engineering, and M.Sc. in Electrical and Electronics Engineering from European University of Lefke in 2014. Currently I’m an assistant lecturer and head of Surveying Department at Darbandikhan Technical institute, Sulaimani polytechnic university. My research interests include power electronics and drives, machine and automotive, design of standalone and grid-connected PV systems, and grid integration of renewable energy sources in distribution systems.


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Published
2020-12-31
How to Cite
Hameed, D., & Ali, K. (2020, December 31). Analysis of 0W-20 Totachi Brand Oil to Determine the Rate of Oil Deterioration. UKH Journal of Science and Engineering, 4(2), 139-146. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.25079/ukhjse.v4n2y2020.pp139-146
Section
Research Articles
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