Performance Evaluation of WDM Optical Fiber Communication System in the presence of PMD

  • Nawroz Ibrahim Hamadamen Department of Software and Informatics Engineering, College of Engineering, Salahaddin University – Erbil, Erbil, KRI, Iraq
Keywords: WDM Improvement, PMD, OFDM, nonlinearity, FWM.


This paper investigates for rising optical fiber transmission strength, increasing bandwidth, and decreasing communication system weakness by using wavelength division multiplexing (WDM). WDM gives today's distention speed and communication traffic. Systems using WDM faces nonlinearities, which the most intensive nonlinear attack is, four wave mixing (FWM). FWM creates and increases crosstalk between WDM channels as a result slows down and impairs the performance of the communication system. This investigation uses orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) for evaluating execution of WDM fiber system by repairing Polarization Mode Dispersion (PMD). We took results in the case of trying PMD-Emulator and without trying PMD-Emulator in the system design. We compared the results got in both cases. Furthermore, we compared the performance of the system with the investigations done using different ways, methods, and techniques for compensating PMD and FWM appears in WDM systems. As PMD-Emulator, helps enhancing the system design performance, and OFDM gives the feature of robustness and useful execution to the system. OFDM examined by appointing interfered orthogonal signal sets, for 16 channels; with equally spaced OFDM channels. Oure results showed that the optical fiber communication system using OFDM technique gives perfect removing FWM signal crosstalk, and accurate data transmission, comparing to other techniques used in other researches. We got a decreased FWM power to -77dBm, and the BER of -0.317. Furthermore, the system quality increased with applying PMD-Emulator and OFDM. In addition, using PMD-Emulator in the system design raised the results effectiveness. The program used in the present work is optisystem-15, and the results obtained in this study coincide with the theoretical and actual results obtained by the previous studies.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Nawroz Ibrahim Hamadamen, Department of Software and Informatics Engineering, College of Engineering, Salahaddin University – Erbil, Erbil, KRI, Iraq

Nawroz Ibrahim holds B.Sc. in Electric, and M.Sc. degrees in Information and Communication Technology, College of Engineering, University of Salahaddin, Erbil / Iraq. She worked as teaching assistant for one year (2004 - 2006) at laboratories in Electric department, and she has been working as an Assistant Lecturer in Electric, and Software and Informatics Engineering since 2008. She is an author of many scientific papers. She is a Consultant Electrical engineer in this region.


Ahmed, N and Rashid, MA. (2018). Journal of Optical Communications. Performance of hybrid OCDMA/WDM scheme under DPSK and QPSK modulation using spectral direct detection technique for optical communication networks, 1(ahead-of-print).
Alberto Paradisi, Rafael Carvalho Figueiredo, Andrea Chiuchiarelli, Eduardo De Souza Rosa Editors. (2019). Optical Communications Advanced Systems and Devices for Next Generation Networks. Springer Nature Switzerland AG.
Alifdal, Hanane and Abdi, Farid and Abbou, Fouad Mohammed. (2017). Performance analysis of an 80Gb/s WDM system using OQPSK modulation under FWM effect and chromatic dispersion. 2017 International Conference on Wireless Technologies, Embedded and Intelligent Systems (WITS) (pp. 1--6). IEEE.
Arpan Garg, and Nitin Mittal. (2020). A Comprehensive Survey on OFDM Based Radio over Fiber Modulation System. ResearchGate, 20(2), 11714 - 11727.
Beniwal, Poonam and Kedia, Deepak. (2018). Analysis of Four Wave Mixing Effects in 16$\times$ 10 Gb/S WDM Optical Communication System. Journal of Optical Communications, 1(ahead-of-print).
Chauhan, Anu, Arti Vaish, and Ashu Verma. (2018). To Decrease Maintenance Issues using FWM in Ultradense WDM Systems and Enhancing Optimum Placement of Optical Phase Conjugation. Journal of Optical Communications , 1.(ahead-of-print).
Chung, Hsiang-Yu and Liu, Wei and Cao, Qian and Song, Liwei and Kartner, Franz X and Chang, Guoqing. (2018). Megawatt peak power tunable femtosecond source based on self-phase modulation enabled spectral selection. Optics express, 26(3), 3684--3695.
David Zabala-Blanco 1, Marco Mora 1, Cesar A. Azurdia-Meza 2 , Ali Dehghan Firoozabadi 3 , Pablo Palacios Játiva 2 and Ismael Soto 4. (2020). Relaxation of the Radio-Frequency Linewidth for Coherent-Optical Orthogonal Frequency-Division Multiplexing Schemes by Employing the Improved Extreme Learning Machine. MDPI, 45(9).
Davinder Parkash Chechi, and Sukhpreet Singh. (2019). Analysis and Design of WDM Optical OFDM System with Coherent Detection Using Different Channel Spacing. ResearchGate, 45(9).
Dubovan, Jozef and Litvik, Jan and Benedikovic, Daniel and Mullerova, Jarmila and Glesk, Ivan and Veselovsky, Andrej and Dado, Milan. (2020). Impact of wind gust on high-speed characteristics of polarization mode dispersion in optical power ground wire cables. Sensors, 20(24), 7110.
Fazal Muhammad 1 , Farman Ali 2, Ghulam Abbas 3 , Ziaul Haq Abbas 4, Shahab Haider 5,Muhammad Bilal 6, Md. Jalil Piran 7 and Doug Young Suh 8. (2021). Palliation of Four-Wave Mixing in Optical Fibers Using Improved DSP Receiver. MDPI, 124(15).
Jianxin Du, Jialin Wu, and Tao Miao. (2019). Modeling inter-subcarrier four-wave mixingnoises in QAM coherent OFDM system using phase-conjugated twin waveswith diaversty implement domaines. Optics Communications, 385(1), 261--268.
Jozef Dubovan 1, Jan Litvik 1 , Daniel Benedikovic 1, Jarmila Mullerova 1, Ivan Glesk 2 ,Andrej Veselovsky 3 and Milan Dado 1. (2020). Impact of Wind Gust on High-Speed Characteristics of Polarization Mode Dispersion in Optical Power Ground Wire Cables. white paper, avaiable from:< www. corning. com/WorkArea/downloadasset. aspx.
Manzoor, Habib Ullah and Zafar, Muhammad and Manzoor, Sana Ullah and Khan, Talha and Liu, Songzuo and Manzoor, Tareq and Saleem, Saqib and Kim, Woo Young and Ali, Muddassir. (2020). Improving FWM efficiency in bi-directional ultra DWDM-PON networking centered light source by using PMD emulator. Results in Physics, 16(1), 102922.
Muhammad Irfan 1, Farman Ali 2 , Fazal Muhammad 3, Usman Habib 4, Abdullah S. Alwadie 1, Adam Glowacz 5, Ziaul Haq Abbas 6 and Eliasz Kan´toch 7. (2020). DSP-Assisted Nonlinear Impairments Tolerant 100 Gbps Optical Backhaul Network for Long-Haul Transmission. MDPI, 125(17).
Petr Ivaniga1, and Tomáš Ivaniga2. (2020). Mitigation of non-linear four-wave mixing phenomenon in. 5th IEEE International Conference on Advanced Computing & Communication Technologies [ICACCT-2011] (p. 2878~2885). TELKOMNIKA.
Salim, N. (2019). Robustness of Modulation Formats Technique to Four Wave Mixing Crosstalk Under 80 Gbps Data Rate. Journal of University of Babylon for Engineering Sciences, 42--49.
Xiang Liu. (2019). Evolution of Fiber-Optic Transmission and Networking toward the 5G Era. iScience, 45(9).
How to Cite
Hamadamen, N. (2021, December 31). Performance Evaluation of WDM Optical Fiber Communication System in the presence of PMD. UKH Journal of Science and Engineering, 5(2), 90-103.
Research Articles
Share |