Epidemiological Study of Breast Cancer in Erbil, Kurdistan Region


  • Sarkawt M. Khoshnaw Rizgary Oncology Center, Erbil Screening and Prevention, Erbil Cancer Control Unit, Erbil Directorate of Health, Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq; School of Medicine, University of Kurdistan Hewlêr, Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
  • Aryan R. Ganjo Department of Clinical Analysis, College of Pharmacy, Hawler Medical University, Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq; Department of Medical Analysis, Faculty of Applied Science, Tishk International University, Erbil, Iraq
  • Mohammed S. Salih Department of Clinical Analysis, College of Pharmacy, Hawler Medical University, Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq




Breast Cancer, Epidemiologyv, Hormone Receptor, HER2, Therapeutic Interventions, Erbil


Breast cancer is the most diagnosed cancer and the second leading cause of cancer death among women in the world. Compared to some other regions in the world, amount of information available about breast cancer epidemiology in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq is scarce. This study is an attempt to enrich our knowledge about different epidemiological aspects of breast cancer in the region since epidemiological studies contribute quite significantly to the current knowledge of environmental and genetic risk factors and to the current treatment strategies for breast cancer. In addition, studies has shown that the past and ongoing research has a massive implication in improving the outcome of this common disease. This work takes all women diagnosed with breast cancer at Nanakaly Hospital in Erbil, Iraq as sample of the study. Patient characteristics were captured then statistical analysis was performed on these data sets. The majority of patients were found to be city dwellers and about 46% were diagnosed at stage II and 40% at stage III. The vast majority of cases tested positive for hormone receptors but negative for HER2. 


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How to Cite

Epidemiological Study of Breast Cancer in Erbil, Kurdistan Region. (2023). UKH Journal of Science and Engineering, 7(1), 11-16. https://doi.org/10.25079/ukhjse.v7n1y2023.pp11-16

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