Investigation of the Pre-Treatment for Reducing Salt and Sediments in Khurmala Oil Field

  • Maha Raoof Abdulamir Hamoudi Department of Natural Resources Engineering & Management, School of Science and Engineering, University of Kurdistan Hewler, Erbil, Kurdistan Region - F.R. Iraq http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4127-3470
  • Akram Humoodi AbdulWahhab Department of Natural Resources Engineering & Management, School of Science and Engineering, University of Kurdistan Hewler, Erbil, Kurdistan Region - F.R. Iraq http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3603-2613
  • Sirwan Ahmed Department of Natural Resources Engineering & Management, School of Science and Engineering, University of Kurdistan Hewler, Erbil, Kurdistan Region - F.R. Iraq
Keywords: Desalter efficiency, Desalting, Emulsions, Khurmala crude oil, Salt and sediment removal

Abstract

Oil produced in most of the oil fields is accompanied by water in the form of an emulsion that must be treated. This water normally contains dissolved salts, principally chlorides of sodium, calcium, and magnesium. If crude oil is left without treatment, the salt will cause various operational problems. This research investigates experimentally the effect of major factors on the efficiency of the desalting process for a Khurmala crude oil in Kurdistan Region. These factors are chemical treatment, PH value of water, temperature and pressure drop. One of the factors is systematically varied when the others are constant and the efficiency is analyzed. It was found that the best desalter efficiency can be concluded when the embreak dosage is 100 ppm, PH of wash water 6.5 in average, the optimum temperature is 55°C and pressure drop of mixing valve is 1.5 bars and the best desalter efficiency was in acidified condition.

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Author Biographies

Maha Raoof Abdulamir Hamoudi, Department of Natural Resources Engineering & Management, School of Science and Engineering, University of Kurdistan Hewler, Erbil, Kurdistan Region - F.R. Iraq

Maha Raouf Hamoudi holding a Ph.D. in Petroleum Engineering/ Production of Petroleum. Her academic teaching experience extends for more than 28 years as a lecturer and an assistant professor in petroleum Engineering Department/ Engineering College / Baghdad University and other Universities. Her research interests include oil and gas production optimization, enhanced oil recovery, fluid flow in porous media and in pipes, along with stimulation, artificial lift techniques, petroleum economics and some other scientific aspects. She has many published papers and have written a book in Arabic concerning the Horizontal Wells Technology. She has also taught and supervised many undergraduate and postgraduate theses (M.Sc. & Ph.D.).

Akram Humoodi AbdulWahhab, Department of Natural Resources Engineering & Management, School of Science and Engineering, University of Kurdistan Hewler, Erbil, Kurdistan Region - F.R. Iraq

Akram H. AbdulWahhab is Holding a Ph.D. degree  in Petroleum Engineering. He has teaching experience more than 34 years in Baghdad University and field experience for 11 Years. He was heading the Department of Petroleum Engineering in Baghdad University for 11 years continuously (1996-2007). He was appointed as Iraqi cultural attaché in Poland (2007-2012).He was awarded by appreciation letters from several ministries, presidents of universities and deans. He published 5 text books, 35 papers and supervised 21 MSc. and 5 theses and more than 100 undergraduate projects. Presently he is working as a professor in UKH.

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Published
2019-06-18
How to Cite
Hamoudi, M., AbdulWahhab, A., & Ahmed, S. (2019, June 18). Investigation of the Pre-Treatment for Reducing Salt and Sediments in Khurmala Oil Field. UKH Journal of Science and Engineering, 3(1), 35-46. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.25079/ukhjse.v3n1y2019.pp35-46
Section
Research Articles