Petroleum System Modelling of the Akri-Bijeel Oil Field, Northern Iraq: Insights From 1-Dimensional Basin Modelling

  • Rzger A. Abdula Department of Petroleum Geoscience, faculty-of-science-engineering, Soran University, Erbil, Kurdistan Region- F. R. Iraq http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9090-3091
  • Hema Y. Hassan Department of Petroleum Geoscience, faculty-of-science-engineering, Soran University, Erbil, Kurdistan Region- F. R. Iraq
  • Maryam M. Sliwa Department of Petroleum Geoscience, faculty-of-science-engineering, Soran University, Erbil, Kurdistan Region- F. R. Iraq
Keywords: Akri-Bijeel; Bekhme-1; hydrocarbon maturation; PetroMod, Kurdistan Region

Abstract

The petroleum system of the Akri-Bijeel oil field shows that the Palaeogene formations such as the Kolosh Formation seem to be immature. However, the Jurassic–Lower Cretaceous source rocks such as those from the Chia Gara, Naokelekan, and Sargelu formations are thermally mature and within the main oil window because their vitrinite reflectance (Ro%) values are >0.55%. The Triassic Kurra Chine and Geli Khana formations are thought to be in the high maturity stage with Ro values ≥1.3% and within the wet and dry gas windows, whereas the older formations are either within the dry gas zone or completely generated hydrocarbon stage and depleted after the hydrocarbons were expelled with subsequent migration to the reservoir rock of the structural traps.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Rzger A. Abdula, Department of Petroleum Geoscience, faculty-of-science-engineering, Soran University, Erbil, Kurdistan Region- F. R. Iraq

Rzger A. Abdula: He works at the Department of Petroleum Geoscience, faculty-of-science-engineering, Soran University, Erbil, Kurdistan Region- F. R. Iraq and affiliated to the Department of Petroleum Engineering and Mining, Tishk International University, Erbil, Kurdistan Region- F. R. Iraq.

Hema Y. Hassan, Department of Petroleum Geoscience, faculty-of-science-engineering, Soran University, Erbil, Kurdistan Region- F. R. Iraq

Hema Y. Hassan works at the Department of Petroleum Geoscience, faculty-of-science-engineering, Soran University, Erbil, Kurdistan Region- F. R. Iraq.

Maryam M. Sliwa, Department of Petroleum Geoscience, faculty-of-science-engineering, Soran University, Erbil, Kurdistan Region- F. R. Iraq

Maryam Martin Sliwa works at the Department of Petroleum Geoscience, faculty-of-science-engineering, Soran University, Erbil, Kurdistan Region- F. R. Iraq

References

Abdula, R.A. (2015). Hydrocarbon potential of Sargelu formation and oil-source correlation, Iraqi Kurdistan. Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 8(8), 5845 – 5868.

Abdula, R.A. (2017a). Geothermal gradients in Iraqi Kurdistan deduced from bottom hole temperatures. Egyptian Journal of Petroleum, 26, 601-608.

Abdula, R.A. (2017b). Source rock assessment of Naokelekan formation in Iraqi Kurdistan. Journal of ZANCOY Sulaimani, 19(1), 103-124.

Abdula, R.A. (2017c). Petroleum system modeling of Jabal Kand Oil Field, Northern Iraq. ZANCOY Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences, 29(2), 88-95.

Abdula, R.A., Ali, M.A., Ahmed, M.M., and Hamad, H.R. (2017). Rock-Eval pyrolysis results from the Bijeel-1 Well, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. ZANCOY Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences, 29(3), 29-38.

Aldega, L., Corrado, S., Carminati, E., Shaban, A., and Sherkati, S. (2014). Thermal evolution of the Kuh-e-Asmari and Sim anticlines in the Zagros Fold-and-Thrust Belt: Implications for hydrocarbon generation. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 57, 1-13.

Al-Husseini, M.I. (1997). Jurassic sequence stratigraphy of the western and southern Arabian Gulf. GeoArabia, 2(4), 361-382.

Ali, M. (2018). Geochemical evaluation of organic matter in Jurassic source rocks, Bekhme-1 Well, Erbil Governorate, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. Iraqi Bulletin of Geology and Mining, 14(2) 49-59.

Csontos, L., Pocsai, T., Sasvari, A., and Koncz, I. (2011). Geology and petroleum systems of Akri-Bijeel Block, Kurdistan region of Iraq. MOL Scientific Magazine, 2011 (1), 16-23.

Burnham, A.K. (1989). A simple kinetic model of petroleum formation and cracking. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Report UCID-21665

Csontos, L., Sasvari, A., Pocasai, T., Kosa, L., Salae, A.T., and Ali, A. (2012). Structural evolution of the northwestern Zagros, Kurdistan Region, Iraq: Implications on oil migration. GeoArabia, 17(2), 81-116.

Hadad, Y.T., Hakimi, M.H., Abdullah, W.H., and Makeen, Y.M. (2017). Basin modeling of the Late Miocene Zeit source rock in the Sudanese portion of Red Sea Basin: Implication for hydrocarbon generation and expulsion history. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 84, 311-322.

Hakimi, M.H. and Abdullah, W.H. (2015). Thermal maturity history and petroleum generation modelling for the Upper Jurassic Madbi source rocks in the Marib-Shabowah Basin, western Yemen. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 59, 202-216.

Hakimi, M.H., Abdullah, W.H., and Shalaby, M.R. (2010). Organic geochemistry, burial history and hydrocarbon generation modeling of the Upper Jurassic Madbi Formation, Masila basin. Yemen. Journal of Petroleum Geology, 33, 299-318.

Hantschel, T. and Kauerauf, A.I. (2009). Fundamentals of basin and petroleum systems modeling: integrated exploration system GmbH. Schlumberger Company, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

He, S. and Middleton, M. (2002). Heat flow and thermal maturity modeling in the Northern Carnarvon basin, North West Shelf, Australia. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 19, 1073-1088.

Jassim, S.Z. and Buday, T., 2006, Tectonic framework In: Jassim, S.Z. and Goff, J.C. (Eds.), Geology of Iraq. First edition. Brno, Czech Republic: Prague and Moravian Museum

Jassim, S.Z., Buday, T., Chicha, I., and Proza, V. (2006). Late permian – liassic megasequence. In: Jassim, S.Z. and
Goff, J.C. (Eds.). Geology of Iraq. First edition. Brno, Czech Republic: Prague and Moravian Museum

Lerche, I. (1990a). Basin Analysis: Quantitative Methods, Vol. 1. Orlando: Academic Press.

Lerche, I. (1990b). Basin Analysis: Quantitative Methods, Vol. 2, San Diego: Academic Press.

Makeen, Y.M., Abdullah, W.H., Pearson, M.J., Hakimi, M.H., Elhassan, O.M.A., and Hadad, Y.T. (2016). Thermal maturity history and petroleum generation modelling for the lower Cretaceous Abu Gabra Formation in the Fula sub-basin, Muglad basin, Sudan. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 75, 310-324.

Mashhadi, Z.S., Rabbani, A.R., and Kamali, M.R. (2015). Geochemical characteristics and hydrocarbon generation modeling of the Kazhdumi (Early Cretaceous), Gurpi (Late Cretaceous) and Pabdeh (Paleogene) formations, Iranian sector of the Persian Gulf. Marine and Petroleum Geology, Vol. 66 978-997.

Pitman, J. K., Steinshouer, D., and Lewan, M. D. (2004). Petroleum generation and migration in the Mesopotamian Basin and Zagros Fold Belt of Iraq: Results from a basin -modeling study. GeoArabia, 9(4), 41-72.

Shalaby, M.R., Hakimi, M.H., and Abdullah, W.H. (2011). Geochemical characteristics and hydrocarbon generation modeling of the Jurassic source rocks in the Shoushan basin, north Western Desert, Egypt. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 28, 1611-1624.

Shalaby, M.R., Hakimi, M.H., and Abdullah, W.H. (2012). Geochemical characterization of solid bitumen (migrabitumin) in the Jurassic sandstone reservoir of the Tut field, Shushan basin, northern Western Desert of Egypt. International Journal of Coal Geology, 100, 26-39.

Sweeney, J.J. and Burnham, A.K. (1990). Evaluation of a simple model of vitrinite reflectance based on chemical kinetics. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, 74, 1559-1570.
Published
2020-12-31
How to Cite
Abdula, R., Hassan, H., & Sliwa, M. (2020, December 31). Petroleum System Modelling of the Akri-Bijeel Oil Field, Northern Iraq: Insights From 1-Dimensional Basin Modelling. UKH Journal of Science and Engineering, 4(2), 35-47. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.25079/ukhjse.v4n2y2020.pp35-47
Section
Research Articles
Share |