Public awareness, involvement, and practices in electronic waste management in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Following the upsurge of technological developments escorted with scale economies, the electronic industry has decidedly growing and brought one of the major environmental problem known as electronic waste or e-waste. In particular, this study investigates the public awareness about e-waste and the level of engagement in e-waste management practices. The survey covers household heads, general service department workers and higher governmental officials of Addis Ababa. The findings discovered that households’ level of awareness about e-waste and its management was much lower than the general service department personnel and higher governmental officials. Evidently, the ordinal regression outputs has revealed statistically significant results between the sub-cities as well as the educational institutions and governmental sector offices. It also appears that respondent’s educational qualifications and monthly incomes had unequivocally affects the awareness and engagement level. E-waste is considered and treated like other types of municipal solid wastes. It is ostensible that there were newly purchased electronic equipment but which are not yet serviceable due to the absence of manuals, their sizes and designs and lack of knowhow. Therefore, in view of these veracities, the study discernibly highlighted the implications of the existing status and suggests certain recommendations to raise public awareness on e-waste.
Arora, R. (2008). A survey on Electronic waste management in Coimbatore www.ijest.info/docs/IJEST11-03-03-114.pdf. (Accessed in March, 2015)
Askari, A. & Ghadimzadeh, A. (2014). Electronic Waste Management: Towards an Appropriate Policy. European Journal of Business and Management. Vol 6, No1.
Baldé, C.P., Forti V., Gray, V., Kuehr, R., Stegmann,P. (2017). The Global E-waste Monitor – 2017, United Nations University (UNU), International Telecommunication Union (ITU) & International Solid Waste Association (ISWA), Bonn/Geneva/Vienna.
Baldé, C.P., Wang, F., Kuehr R. & Huisman, J. (2015). The global e-waste monitor – 2014, United Nations University, IAS – SCYCLE, Bonn, Germany. ISBN Print: 978-92-808-4555-6.
Borthakur, A. & Sinha, K. (2013). Electronic Waste Management in India: A stakeholder’s Perspectives. Electronic Green Journal 1(36).
Chibunna, J.B., Siwar, C., Ara Begum, R. & Fariz, M.A. (2012). The Challenges of E-Waste Management among Institutions: A Case Study of UKM. Elsevier.
Circulate, (2017). The Source for Latest News and Insight on the Circular Economy. Eliminating the Concept of Electronic Waste.
Feras Y, Fraige, Laila A, Al-khatib, Hani M, Alnawafleh, Mohammad K, Dweirj & Paul A, Langston. (2012). Waste Electric and Electronic Equipment in Jordan: Willingness and Generation rates. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management Vol. 55, No. 2, pp. 161–175.Fulfillment of the Master of Science in Environmental Sciences), Lund University. http://www.giswatch.org/country-report/Philippines (Accessed in July, 2015).s
Geethan, K., Vasantha, A., Jose, S., Manikandan, V.K., Muthuswamy, V., & Jude, S.L. (2012). Assessment of Electronic Waste Inventory and Management Model, International Journal of Applied Environmental Sciences ISSN 0973-6077 Volume 7, Number 1, pp. 77-92
Gudeta, H.B., Akhila, S., Nair, & M.I. Zuberi, (2015). Electronic Waste Generation and Its Management in Bole and Akaki Kaliti Sub Cities of Addis Ababa Ethiopia. International Journal of Environmental Sciences Vol. 4 No. 2. 2015. Pp. 46-51.
Kiddee, P., Naidu, R., & Wong, M.H. (2013). Electronic Waste Management Approaches: An overview. Waste Management, 33(5), 1237-1250.
Lundgren, K. (2012). The Global Impact of E-Waste: Addressing the Challenge, International Labor Office, Programme on Safety and Health at Work and the Environment (Safe Work), Sectoral Activities Department, Geneva: ILO, ISBN 978-92-2-126897-0 (print) ISBN 978-92-2-126898-7 (web pdf).
MICT (2013). Strategy for Electronic Waste Management UNDP, Republic of Uganda.
NCHEWM (2013). Environment Observer. Society for Environment Education Research and Management (SEERM). Proceedings of National Conference on Hazardous e-Waste Management. Volume 17, Varad, 250/A/8, Shaniwar Peth, Pune-411030 Maharashtra, India.
Oomman, U.P. (2014). A Survey of Consumer Behaviour towards E- Waste Management in the City of Mumbai. International Journal of Research in Applied, Natural and Social Sciences Vol. 2, Issue 8, Aug 2014, 1-10.
Otieno, I. & Omwenga, E. (2015). E-Waste Management in Kenya: Challenges and Opportunities: Journal of Emerging Trends in Computing and Information Sciences, ISSN: 2079-8407, Vol 6, No 12.
Samarakoon, M.B. (2014). A Review of Electrical and Electronic Waste Management in Sri Lanka. International Conference on Chemical, Civil and Environmental Engineering. Singapore.
Sinha, K.D., Kraeuchi, P. & Schawninger, M. (2005). A Comparison of Electronic Waste Recycling in Switzerland and in India. Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 25(5): 492-504.
Sivaramanan, S. (2013). E-Waste Management, Disposal and Its Impacts on the Environment. Universal Journal of Environmental Research and Technology, Volume 3, Issue 5: 531-537.
Sotelo, S.C., Benitez, S.O., Victorica, K.V., Soto, N.S., Cueto, R.G., Gonzalez, P.T., & Virgen, Q.A. (2016). Electronic Waste in Mexico – Challenges for Sustainable Management. DOI: 10.5772/64449
Tengku-Hamzah, T.A.A. (2011). Durham E-Thesis Making Sense of Environmental Governance. A study of E-waste in Malaysia, Durham Theses, Durham University. http://www.etheses.dur.ac.uk/670/1/TAATengkuHamzah.pdf (Accessed in June, 2015).
Theodros, G. (2010). Assessment of Electronic Waste Management: Case Study of Some TVET Colleges in Addis Ababa. A Thesis Submitted in Partial Fulfilment of the Requirements for the Degree of Masters of Arts in Development Studies.
Townsend, T.G. (2011). Environmental Issues and Management Strategies for Electronic and Electrical Equipment. Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association. Volume 61: pp. 587-610. DOI:10.3155/1047-32126.96.36.1997.
Tyagi, N., Baberwal, S.K., & Passi, N. (2015). E-Waste: Challenges and its Management. Journal of Undergraduate Research and Innovation, Volume 1, Issue 3 pp. 108-114.
United Nation University (2013). E-waste Management Project Launched in Ethiopia.
Veit, H.M. & Moura, B.A. (2015). Electronic Waste: Topics in Mining, Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-15714-6_2.
Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies, (2012). https://e360.yale.edu/digest/africa...produce...e-waste.../3378/
Yu, J., Williams, E., Ju, M., & Yang, Y. (2010). Forecasting global generation of obsolete personal computers. Environmental science & technology. 44(9):3232-3237. DOI: 10.1021/es903350q.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License [CC BY-NC-ND 4.0] that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).