Love and Emancipation in Forough Farrokhzad's Selected Poems: A Psycho-analytical Approach




Modern Persian Poetry, Shallow Love, True Love, Forough, Social issues, Sensuality.


The love relationship between couples can be influenced by several factors influencing it to become a strong one in one’s life or vice versa. Finding a real love is always considered to be the key point in the meeting of opposite sexes. In order not to face psychological problems in the future, everyone’s concern is to seek for the right person. This is true to some degree for many human beings. Real love can make one feel happy and pleased but it can sometimes make one upset and hopeless. Also, superficial love can be the same because it can be the cause of pleasure for the lover who only seeks a temporary relationship i.e., superficial love but similarly it can be the source of sadness for the partner whose intention in such a relationship is a real love. This strenuous power manifests itself in the behavior and sometimes in the appearance of the human beings. When one of the lovers stops his/her love relationship with his/her lover by starting a new relationship with another person, due to their beauty, this will be called superficial love. Such relations may culminate in deceiving and telling lies. This research will consider textual and psychological approaches in the analysis of the selected poems of Forough Farrokhzad to demonstrate real love and superficial love that may cause psychological and social impacts.


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Author Biographies

  • Mariwan Hasan, Department of English, College of Basic Education, University of Sulaimani, Sulaymaniyah, Iraq

    He is interested in modernist literature, post-modernist literature, and comparative literature. He has authored and co-authored several books from them: The Image of Modern Man in T. S. Eliot’s Poetry, Modernism: A Critical Introduction, T.S. Eliot, and Modern Literature, Where the River Flows: A Critical Study of T. S. Eliot’s Essays, T.S. Eliot: Critical Essays and Literary Stylistics: Literature and Language. He is a member of editorial board of several journals worldwide. From them Acuity Journal and Nobels Journal of culture, Art and Literature. He has been working as a general editor for some conferences in Khazar University in Azerbaijan and Mazanderan University in Iran. He has written many academic papers published by different journals throughout the world.

  • Saman Mohammed, Department of English, College of Languages, University of Human Development, Sulaymaniyah, Iraq

    He is a Lecturer at the Department of English, College of Languages, University of Human Development. He works there since 2013. He has received BA in English Language and Literature at the University of Sulaimani in 2011, and MA in English Studies in 2013 at the University of Exeter, United Kingdom. His research interests include English and American literature. He is also a Fulbright Alumni of the year 2016 on the American literature cohort.


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Research Articles

How to Cite

Love and Emancipation in Forough Farrokhzad’s Selected Poems: A Psycho-analytical Approach. (2021). UKH Journal of Social Sciences, 5(1), 42-49.