An Analysis of the Determinants of Youth Employment in Rwanda

  • Joseph Ndagijimana School of Economics, College of Business and Economics University of Rwanda, Rwanda
  • Tharcisse Nzasingizimana School of Economics, College of Business and Economics University of Rwanda, Rwanda
  • Almas Heshmati (1) Department of Economics, Sogang University, Seoul, Korea. (2) Jönköping International Business School (JIBS), Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7902-4683
Keywords: Entrepreneurship, human capital, labor supply, Rwanda, youth employment.

Abstract

The main objective of this research is to analyze the determinants of youth employment in Rwanda from the point of view of the demand, supply and the general labor market. An analysis of the data shows that a skill gap is most critical for employment creation and a transition from school-to-work seems problematic. Further, questions remain about what factors influence youth employment in Rwanda and how youth employment is related to poverty reduction and distribution of income. The study uses a multinomial logit model to shed light on the determinants of youth employment status in the country using data from the National Institute of Statistics of Rwanda (NISR). It verifies how the current status of youth employment in Rwanda has evolved over time and based on its findings it provides policy recommendations to promote youth employment. The research finds that youth employment in Rwanda is influenced by gender, age, education and geographical location. The finding of this research has implications for the youth unemployment in Kurdistan Region.

Author Biography

Almas Heshmati, (1) Department of Economics, Sogang University, Seoul, Korea. (2) Jönköping International Business School (JIBS), Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden

Almas Heshmati is Professor of Economics at the Jönköping University (Sweden) and Sogang University (South Korea). He was professor of Economics at the Korea University, Seoul National University, University of Kurdistan at Hawler, RATIO Institute, Stockholm and MTT Agrifood Research, Helsinki and Research Fellow at the World Institute for Development Economics Research (WIDER), The United Nations University, Helsinki during 2001-2004. From 1998 until 2001, he was an Associate Professor of Economics at the Stockholm School of Economics. He has a Ph.D. degree from the University of Gothenburg (1994), where he held a Senior Researcher position until 1998. His research interests include agricultural economics, development economics, energy economics, industrial organization, labor, globalization, income distribution, productivity, efficiency, growth, health care and capital structure. He is member of the Scientific Committee of the International Conference on Panel Data. His publications include papers in the Agricultural Economics, American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Applied Economics, Applied Financial Economics, Econometric Reviews, Economic Theory, Empirical Economics, European Journal of Operational Research, Global Economy Journal, International Journal of Industrial Organization, International Journal of Production Economics, Journal of Applied Econometrics, Journal of Economic Surveys, Journal of Productivity Analysis, Journal of the World System Research, Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, and Structural Change and Economic Dynamics.

Published
2018-09-13
How to Cite
Ndagijimana, J., Nzasingizimana, T., & Heshmati, A. (2018, September 13). An Analysis of the Determinants of Youth Employment in Rwanda. UKH Journal of Social Sciences, 2(2), 1-10. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.25079/ukhjss.v2n2y2018.pp1-10
Section
Research Articles