Quarries and the Environment in the Kurdistan Region, Iraq
Quarries of different types and uses and quarried materials can be foundeverywhere in the Kurdistan region, Iraq. The main quarries are those of limestone used for cement production, and they are of multiphases and are well designed. Other quarries are randomly located without any scientific aspects; these are used for local purposes, mainly for aggregates. However, they are all polluting the environment (air, water, and soil) in different intensities and moods.
Bates, R.L. and Jackson, J.A., 1982. Glossary of Geology. Published by American Geological Institution, 749 pp. https://books.google.com › Science › General.
Chaulya, S. K., Chakraborty, H. & Singh, R. S. (2001). Air Pollution Modelling for a Proposed Limestone Quarry. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 126(1-2), 171-191.
Councel, P. (2017). Mining and Quarrying Safety and Health act 1999. State of Queensland, Australia, 177.
Misra, A. K. (2013). Influence of stone quarries on groundwater quality and health in Fatehpur Sikri, India. International Journal of Sustainable Built Environment, 2(1), 73-88.
Peter, C., Alozie, M. C. & Azubuine, C. E. (2018). Stone Quarrying Impact on Air Soil Water in Ebonyi State, Nigeria. Journal of Pollution Effects & Control, 6(2). DOI: 10.4172/2375-4397.1000225.
Rani, H. B., Swamy, Sh., Bharath, A. L., Dinakar, R. P. H. & Raghu, A. V. (2017). Impact of Quarrying and Crushing on Soil Quality: A Case Study in Tumkur District, Karnataka. International Journal of Research- Granthaalaya, Vol. 5. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.803440
Sissakian, V. K. & Fouad, S. F. (2014a). Geological Map of Sulaimaniyah Quadrangle, at a scale of 1:250000, 2nd edition. Publications of Iraq Geological Survey, Baghdad, Iraq.
Sissakian, V. K. & Fouad, S. F. (2014b). Geological Map of Erbil and Mahabad Quadrangles, at a scale of 1:250000, 2nd edition. Publications of Iraq Geological Survey, Baghdad, Iraq.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License [CC BY-NC-ND 4.0] that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).