The Darbendi Bazian Abandoned Alluvial Fan. An Indication for the Lateral Growth of Qara Dagh Anticline, SW Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, NE Iraq.

  • Lanja Hossain Abdullah Department of Geology, College of Science, Sulaimani University, Sulaimani, KRI - F.R. Iraq http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4238-3014
  • Varoujan K. Sissakian Department of Natural Resources Engineering and Management, School of Science and Engineering, University of Kurdistan Hewler, Kurdistan Region - F.R. Iraq http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9840-5422
Keywords: Abandoned alluvial fan, Wind gap, Water gap, Neotectonic

Abstract

Qara Dagh anticline is one of the main anticlines in the Iraqi Kurdistan Region with NW – SE trend.  It is a double plunging anticline almost symmetrical and consists of six minor anticlines some of them exhibit en-echelon plunges. The anticline shows many indications of lateral growth which indicate Neotectonic activities. Among those indications is the Darbendi Bazian abandoned alluvial fan. In this study, the details of the fan are presented and discussed as interpreted from satellite images. The interpreted data is checked in the field and it is found that the alluvial fan is a large fan showing typical symmetrical fan. It is a single stage fan covered by fine materials. The thickness of the fan ranges from (2.5 – 6) m, whereas its length and width are 4.18 km and 1.35 km, respectively. The fan was originated from Tinal stream which was draining the area behind the apex towards south and south west and nowadays flows in an opposite direction. The alluvial fan’s geometry, constituents, genesis and mode of deposition are given and discussed.

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Author Biographies

Lanja Hossain Abdullah, Department of Geology, College of Science, Sulaimani University, Sulaimani, KRI - F.R. Iraq

Ms. Lanja is currentaly an assistant lecturer at the Department of Geology, College of Science, Sulaimani University, Sulaimani, KRI - F.R. Iraq. She obtained her B.Sc. in Geology (Hydrology) form Sulaimani University, Iraq in 2005 and an M.Sc. in Geology (Geomorphology) from Sulaimani University, Iraq in 2012.

Varoujan K. Sissakian, Department of Natural Resources Engineering and Management, School of Science and Engineering, University of Kurdistan Hewler, Kurdistan Region - F.R. Iraq

Varoujan K. Sissakian graduated from the University of Baghdad in 1969 with B.Sc. degree in Geology, and M.Sc. in Engineering Geological Mapping from I.T.C., the Netherlands in 1982. He joined Iraq Geological Survey (GEOSURV) in 1971 and was nominated as Expert in 2005; retired in 2012. He has 125 documented reports in GEOSURV's library and 158 published articles in different geological aspects in different geological journals and 29 articles in different stages of publications. He was the Deputy Vice President of the Middle East Subcommission of the Committee of Compilation the Geological Map of the World (CGMW), Paris, from February 2010 until August 2012. He was Visiting Lecturer in University of Kurdistan, Hewler, since October, 2014 and Lecturer since February, 2017. Currently, he is a Lecturer in the University of Kurdistan Hewler.

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Published
2020-06-30
How to Cite
Abdullah, L., & Sissakian, V. (2020, June 30). The Darbendi Bazian Abandoned Alluvial Fan. An Indication for the Lateral Growth of Qara Dagh Anticline, SW Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, NE Iraq. UKH Journal of Science and Engineering, 4(1), 57-68. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.25079/ukhjse.v4n1y2020.pp57-68
Section
Research Articles