On Standard of Living and Infant Survival in Some East African Countries

  • Jacques Silber Bar-Ilan University
Keywords: Bonferroni index; East Africa; Gini index; Gini concentration ratio; infant mortality.

Abstract

To summarize the extent of infant survival in a country, three indices have been defined. The first one is the complement to 1000 of the infant mortality rate (expressed in per thousand births). The second one takes into account the inequality in infant survival rates between population subgroups. The third indicator adjusts the average infant survival rate by giving more weight to a population subgroup with a lower socio-economic status. The computation of the last two indicators requires the use of an inequality index and a concentration ratio.We used two measures of inequality, the Gini index and the Bonferroni index, as well as two concentration ratios, derived from the Gini index and related to the Bonferroni index. A short empirical illustration, based on seven East African countries, confirms the usefulness of the approach presented in this paper.

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Author Biography

Jacques Silber, Bar-Ilan University

Bar-Ilan University, Israel; Senior Research Fellow, LISER, Esch-sur-Alzette, Luxembourg; Honorary Fellow, Centro Camilo Dagum, Tuscan Interuniversity Centre, Advanced Statistics for Equitable and Sustainable Development, Italy

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Published
2019-12-28
How to Cite
Silber, J. (2019, December 28). On Standard of Living and Infant Survival in Some East African Countries. UKH Journal of Social Sciences, 3(2), 56-67. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.25079/ukhjss.v3n2y2019.pp56-67
Section
Research Articles