Teachers' Perceptions on Adaptation of Sunrise Coursebook at Sulaymaniyah Governorate in Kurdistan Region of Iraq





Coursebook adaptation, Sunrise coursebook, Teacher's perceptions, Textbook, Evaluation


This study aimed to determine if teachers employ any adaptations during their classes, and if so, what kind of adaptations are employed and how these are employed. This study sought to determine if adaptations are employed in correct and authentic ways.For this study, a qualitative method was used. The tool used in this study was a semi-structured interview. The questions of the semi-structured interview were adapted from Nguyen (2015). The study cohort was made up of teachers who were using or had used the Sunrise course books (levels 7, 8, and 9) in their teaching in the Sulaymaniyah Governorate in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRI). The findings of this study showed that all the teachers employ adaptations in the classroom but to different degrees; some of them use only 1 or 2 types of adaptations because of the limited time they have available in their classes, whereas others apply most of the types of adaptations. Finally, the results showed that there is a positive relationship between experience and adaptation, with those teachers who had more experience employing more methods of adaptations during their classes.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

  • Kochar Ali Saeed, English Department, Komar University of Science and Technology, Sulaymaniyah, Kurdistan Region- F. R. Iraq

    Kochar Ali Saeed: holds a master’s degree in English language teaching. He has about 3 years of teaching experience. He have taught different English subjects, such as Academic writing, Reading comprehension, Grammar, Semantics, and pragmatics. He has written one more paper in a conference at Koya University.


Allwright, R. L. 1990. 'What Do We Want Teaching Materials For?' in R.Rossner and R. Balitho (Eds). 1995. Currents of Change in English Language Teaching. Oxford: Oxford University Press

Brown, J. D., & Rodgers, T. S. (2002). Doing second language research: An introduction to the theory and practice of second language research for graduate/master's students in TESOL and applied linguistics, and others. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Cunningsworth, A. (1995). Choosing your coursebook. London: Heinemann Oxford.

Cunningsworth, A. (1984). Evaluating and Selecting ELT Materials. London: Heinemann Oxford.

Hassan, F. R., & Ghafor, O. F. (2014). Assessing the suitability of “sunrise” programme to the Kurdish learners of the seventh basic grade in the schools of Erbil city. Journal of Teaching and Education, Vol. 03(03), 469-482.

Hutchinson, T., & Torres, E. (1994). The textbook as agent of change. ELT journal, 48(4), 315-328.

Marand, E. (2011). Adoption, adaptation, and development of language instructional units. European Journal of Social Sciences, 22(4), 550-555.

McDonough, J., & Shaw, C. (1993). Materials and method in ELT. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers Ltd.

McDonough, J., & Shaw, C. (2012). Materials and Methods in ELT. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons.

Misirli, S. (2010). Materials in TEFL: A discussion of what lies behind them and implications. Humanising Language Teaching. 12 (4). http://www.hltmag.co.uk/aug10/sart04.htmNguyen, C. T. (2015).

Nguyen, C. T. (2015). An Evaluation of the Textbook English 6: A case study from secondary schools in the Mekong Delta Provinces of Vietnam (Doctoral dissertation, University of Sheffield).

Rodrigues, C. (2015). Innovative material design/adaption ensures sustainable ELT. Journal of Education and Social Sciences, 1, 115-122.

Sofi-Karim, M. (2015). ENGLISH LANGUAGE IN KURDISTAN (Doctoral dissertation, Webster University).

Tomlinson, B. (1998). Glossary of basic terms for materials development in language teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Vernez, G., Culbertson, S., & Constant, L. (2014). Strategic Priorities for Improving Access to Quality Education in the Kurdistan Region--Iraq. Monograph. RAND Corporation. PO Box 2138, Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138.





Research Articles

How to Cite

Teachers’ Perceptions on Adaptation of Sunrise Coursebook at Sulaymaniyah Governorate in Kurdistan Region of Iraq. (2020). UKH Journal of Social Sciences, 4(2), 70-80. https://doi.org/10.25079/ukhjss.v4n2y2020.pp70-80

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 > >>